What is Technical Analysis?

Technical Analysis is at the other end of the stock analysis spectrum. It uses charts instead of annual reports and charts and patterns instead of arriving at an intrinsic value. Stock market technical analysis does use the market price of the stock to predict future patterns and analyze historical ones but does not concern itself with analyzing factors affecting the market price. It studies trends in price, volumes, and moving averages over a period of time.

Trends in the volume show how long such a trend in price will prevail. So if there is a downtrend in volume, this means that trends might not exist for a long time. Like price and volume, there are more indicators, charts of which are analyzed by technical analysts.

Technical analysis is NOT so much about prediction as it is about POSSIBILITY. 

herefore three main strongholds of share market technical analysis are:

  • Price
  • Volume
  • Moving Averages

Technical analysts study the historical movement in these factors to predict future trends aiding stock traders to make an informed decision.

The two main tools at the disposal of technical analysts are:

  • Charts and graphs
  • Indicators
  • Oscillators
  • Financial metrics

Let’s take a look at the different tools that a technical analyst uses individually.

  • Technical analysis is a trading discipline employed to evaluate investments and identify trading opportunities in price trends and patterns seen on charts.
  • Technical analysts believe past trading activity and price changes of a security can be valuable indicators of the security’s future price movements.
  • Technical analysis may be contrasted with fundamental analysis, which focuses on a company’s financials rather than historical price patterns or stock trends.

What Assumptions Do Technical Analysts Make?

Professional technical analysts typically accept three general assumptions for the discipline. The first is that, similar to the efficient market hypothesis, the market discounts everything. Second, they expect that prices, even in random market movements, will exhibit trends regardless of the time frame being observed. Finally, they believe that history tends to repeat itself. The repetitive nature of price movements is often attributed to market psychology, which tends to be very predictable based on emotions like fear or excitement. 

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